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High School — Reading
Reading Applications: Informational, Technical and Persuasive Text


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    Reading Applications: Informational, Technical and Persuasive Text


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      Overview: Talking with Teachers about Reading Applications: Informational, Technical and Persuasive Text

      We use informational, technical and persuasive texts to help us perform certain tasks in our daily lives. Students must use the organization, language and visual features of such texts to make sense of the information presented. They must also be able to draw conclusions about the uses and purposes of information within different texts. Students build their critical reading skills by asking such questions as, "Is this information reliable? How does this information help me complete a task? How does this information expand my knowledge of a subject?"

      Students need to learn about common organizational structures and the best ways to read and use sources of information. Whereas some texts, such as recipes, make use of lists, others--advertising, for example--use opinionated, persuasive writing. Essays and instructional manuals are organized differently. As students learn how to use these documents, they will learn of the types of information to be found in different sources.

      The Ohio Academic Content Standards establish the following expectations for student performance in the area of Reading Applications: Informational, Technical and Persuasive Text:

      • Students apply the reading process to various types of informational texts;
      • Students make predictions and build text knowledge based on their reading of text features, such as titles and visual aids;
      • Students read diagrams, charts, graphs, maps and displays as sources of additional information;
      • Students use their knowledge of text structure to organize content information, analyze it and draw inferences from it;
      • Students recognize arguments, bias, stereotyping and propaganda in informational text sources.

      The content in this Teaching Tool is based on Ohio's Academic Content Standards and Benchmarks and includes types of questions asked on the Ohio Graduation Test. While various suggestions and activities for working with students are included, this Teaching Tool is designed to complement a rigorous, research-based curriculum, not to substitute for one.

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