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High School — Reading
Literary Text

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    Literary Text

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      Overview: Talking with Teachers about Literary Text

      Literary texts represent a variety of authors, cultures and eras. Literature endures because it tells the story of the human experience. Through stories, poems, tales and plays, we encounter settings that describe places or characters close to our heart or others that are exciting, strange or unreal. As the events of these stories unfold, we listen to the voice of an author who has woven words to represent a point of view and created a plot to expand our knowledge of questions, relationships and experiences.

      Students should be able to explain the elements that create a story and analyze the way authors have molded these pieces to shape literary texts. Authors write about themes in literature because they have stories to tell. By gathering strategies to understand and analyze literature, students are enriched by the lessons and experiences shared in the tales of various times and places. Knowledge of how we use language to make stories also empowers students to tell stories of their own.

      The Ohio academic content standards establish the following expectations for student performance in the area of Literary Text:

      • Students must demonstrate comprehension of various genres by identifying and explaining the elements of literature;
      • Students must infer theme and meaning across different works and respond critically to text;
      • Students must be able to analyze an author's use of language.

      The content in this Teaching Tool is based on the Ohio's Academic Content Standards and benchmarks and includes types of questions asked on the Ohio Graduation Test. While various suggestions and activities for working with students are included, this Teaching Tool is designed to complement a rigorous, research-based curriculum, not to substitute for one.

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