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High School — Mathematics
Patterns, Relations and Algebra


Core Resources

    Patterns, Functions, and Algebra


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      Strategies: Help with Fundamentals

      The following activities are suggestions for working with students who need help with fundamentals. We hope that the activities spark ideas and conversations among teachers about useful classroom strategies that can supplement existing curriculum.

      Difficulty 1

      Students may find it difficult to decipher the pattern in a sequence. To provide support, you can:

      • Have students create their own sequences and explain how these sequences work. Have them trade their sequences and explanations with each other.

      Difficulty 2

      With sequences, students may be confused by the difference between the nth term and the value of n. For example, with the sequence 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, . . ., they might call the 4th term of the sequence 4 rather than identify it as a 7. To avoid this confusion, you can:

      • Distinguish between the two by referring to them as the place and the value. In our example, we might say, "What value is in the 4th place?" After the student becomes comfortable with this language, use the more standard words: "What is the 4th term?"

      • Display a sequence for students to see (such as 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, . . .) and ask them the values of certain terms.

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