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High School — Science
Earth and Space Sciences

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    Earth and Space Sciences

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      Overview: Talking with Teachers about Earth and Space Sciences

      Students should demonstrate an understanding of how Earth's systems and processes interact and make Earth habitable. This topic covers the composition of the universe, the solar system and Earth. In addition, it covers the interconnected nature of Earth's systems and processes, and how they shape Earth and Earth's history based on observable scientific evidence in the geologic record. Students should understand how the concepts and principles of energy, matter, motion and force explain Earth systems, the solar system and the universe. Finally, they should grasp historical perspectives, scientific approaches and emerging scientific issues associated with Earth and space sciences.

      The content in this Teaching Tool is based largely on the Ohio Science Academic Content Standards with an awareness of the types of questions asked to date on the Ohio Graduation Test (OGT). While various suggestions and activities for working with students are included, this Teaching Tool is designed to complement a rigorous, research-based curriculum, not to substitute for one.

      Additional Sources

      American Association for the Advancement of Science. Benchmarks for Science Literacy. Oxford University Press, 1993.

      American Association for the Advancement of Science. Atlas of Science Literacy. Washington, D.C.: Oxford University Press, 2001.

      Driver, Rosalind, et al. Making Sense of Secondary Science: Research into Children's Ideas. New York: Routledge, 1994.

      Hazen, Robert M. and James Trefil. Science Matters: Achieving Scientific Literacy. New York: Anchor Books, 1992.

      Hess, Frances S., et al. Earth Science: Geology, the Environment, and the Universe. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2005.

      National Academy of Sciences. National Science Education Standards. Washington D.C.: National Academies Press, 1995.

      National Research Council. America's Lab Report: Investigations in High School Science. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press, 2006.

      Press, Frank, et al. Understanding Earth. New York: W.H. Freeman, 2003.

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