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High School — Science
Science and Technology

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      Strategies: Help with Fundamentals

      The following activities are suggestions for working with students who need help with fundamentals. We hope that the activities spark ideas and conversations among teachers about useful classroom strategies that can supplement existing curriculum.

      Difficulty 1

      Students have trouble choosing the best solution among several alternatives. Students sometimes only consider potential harm to themselves when assessing technological risks, failing to consider adverse effects to others.

      • Students should have previously explained how decisions about the use of products and systems can result in desirable and undesirable consequences (Science and Technology, Benchmark A, Grades 6-8). This skill is critical to the ability to assess technology benefits, risks and costs. Assess student understanding of foundational skills and implement research-based instructional strategies based on assessment results.

      • At this level, students should be able to identify a problem, propose designs and choose among alternative solutions (Science and Technology, Benchmark A). Students may address this skill by using graphic organizers to list benefits and risks of different designs. For example, increased production from advances in agricultural technology may have environmental costs. Help students consider designs from a number of perspectives, including operation, maintenance, costs and disposal of materials. Based on these ideas, students should be able to select a solution with the most benefit and/or the least risk. Encourage them to explain their choices; students need to be specific when discussing their ideas.

      • For additional practice in assessing benefits and risks, click here* for "Technological Advances in Health". This lesson enables students to describe societal benefits and risks of biotechnology advances. This lesson contributes to student understanding of science and technology interdependence. Students will describe how science can inform public policy and how emerging biotechnologies may affect society (Science and Technology, Benchmark B). Students will also apply understanding of viruses (Life Sciences, Benchmark A).

        *This link contains resources or information that may be useful. These resources were not written to align specifically to Ohio's Academic Content Standards. The inclusion of a specific resource is not an endorsement of that particular resource, or any of its contents, by the Ohio Department of Education. Teachers are advised to preview all sites before using them with students.

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