Section 4: Using this System for Planning and Instruction
What Is Intervention?
“What, if anything, can schools do to prevent this hopelessness and loss [felt by students with a chronic history of failure]? The answer is to build learning environments that help all students believe that they can succeed at hitting the target if they keep trying” (Stiggins, 24).
Before school leaders and teachers can evaluate the intervention programs in their districts and schools, it is important that everyone understand what intervention is and what it is not.
Intervention is ...
A strategic instructional program that aims to prevent further academic failure of struggling students by providing additional daily instruction, outside of regular class time, to help students raise their skills to grade level as quickly as possible.
- An instructional program in which the instructional materials are authentic and organized by skill level, and the instruction is highly structured, rigorous and implemented for a definitive timeframe;
- An instructional program that is continually evaluated and modified or replaced by another program if it fails to help students reach grade level efficiently.
Intervention is NOT …
- An ongoing remediation program in which struggling students are pulled out of class a few times per week to receive targeted instruction in place of their regular classroom instruction;
- A formulaic, one-size-fits-all program in which the teaching materials are the same for all students and are explicitly tailored to focus on isolated skills;
- An ongoing program in which students are enrolled indefinitely, with no clear plan to move students out of the program and into grade-level instruction.